The choice of material, the formulation of ingredients, quality indicators, the quantitative proportions of the various components of the mixture for construction 3D printing are determined by the user of the equipment themselves, based on a rational approach to the choice of optimal technical solutions for obtaining the required physical, strength and other indicators of the final product.

It is allowed to use construction printed mixes based on:

  • Portland and slag Portland cement, (grades from M200 to M500),

  • Geo-concrete,

  • Geopolymer concrete,

  • Sand, (river purified, quartz),

  • Gypsum,

  • Clay, (refractory, kaolin, ceramic,

  • Lime,

  • Peat,

  • Fly ash, water ash,

  • Microsphere,

  • Blast-furnace and coal slags,

  • Tephra (volcanic ash),

  • Pozzolana

With possible additions of fillers:

  • Lignin

  • Cellulose,

  • Microfiber,

  • Crusts (crushed technical hemp),

  • Miscanthus,

  • Wood sawdust,

  • Plasticizers and stabilizers,

  • Curing accelerators,

  • Sea water,

  • Ultrasonic activation of mixing water,

Direction of research and development of building mixes for 3D printing of such large global companies as

Evidences not only the development of technology but also the formation of the market of consumables — dry mixes for construction 3D printing.